Neighborhood socioeconomic status and child sleep duration: A systematic review and meta-analysis

The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the relationships between neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES) and sleep duration in children aged 0–18 years.

The database search yielded 6080 potentially eligible studies, 1210 of which were chosen for full-text review and eight of which met the inclusion criteria. There were 67,677 unique participants in the study. The research was carried out in either the United States or Australia. Poorer nSES was linked to shorter child sleep duration (odds ratio: 1.262; 95 percent confidence interval: 1.086–1.467), according to pooled estimates. Sleep assessment type (self-report versus actigraphy), child sex/gender, and child race/ethnicity all moderated the relationship between nSES and sleep.

There is a link between nSES and child sleep duration across studies. This study adds child sleep to the growing list of nSES-related child health disparities.